Cavitt, John F., and Carola A. Haas. 2014. “Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/brnthr doi: 10.2173/bna.557