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  • Apfelbaum, Steven, and Alan Haney. 1981. “Bird Populations Before and After Wildfire in a Great Lakes Pine Forest.” Condor 83: 347–354.

  • Arcese, Peter, Mark K. Sogge, Amy B. Marr, and Michael A. Patten. 2002. “Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/sonspa doi: 10.2173/bna.704

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  • Arneson, Mary. 1972. “Hooded Warbler in Minneapolis.” Loon 44: 58–59.

  • Arnold, Keith A. 1994. “Common Snipe.” In: Migratory Shore and Upland Game Bird Management in North America, edited by Thomas C. Tacha and Clait E. Braun. Lawrence, KS: Allen Press.
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  • Austen, Madeline J. W., Charles M. Francis, Dawn M. Burke, and Michael S. W. Bradstreet. 2001. “Landscape Context and Fragmentation Effects on Forest Birds in Southern Ontario.” Condor 103: 701–714.

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  • Axelrod, Miriam. 1979. “Observations on a Boreal Chickadee Nest.” Loon 51: 135–140.
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  • Back, Gary N. 1979. “Avian Communities and Management Guidelines of the Aspen-Birch Forest.” In Workshop Proceedings on Management of Northeastern and North Central Forests for Nongame Birds, edited by Richard M. DeGraaf and Keith E. Evans, 67–79. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service General Technical Report NC-51. St. Paul, MN: USDA Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station.

  • Backstrom, Parker. 1992. “Acadian Flycatcher Record from Clay County.” Loon 64: 164.
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  • Baltz, Michael E., and Steven C. Latta. 1998. “Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/camwar doi: 10.2173/bna.332
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  • Bardon, Karl J. 1999. “An Influx of Summer Tanagers.” Loon 71: 216–220.
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  • Bardon, Karl J. 2002b. “Northbound or Southbound? – The Enigma of Summer Shorebird Migration.” Loon 74: 65–82.

  • Bardon, Karl J. 2003. “Hooded Warbler Nest in Anoka County.” Loon 75: 235–236.

  • Bardon, Karl J. 2012. “Fall Diurnal Migration of Passerines and Other Non-raptors at Hawk Ridge and Lake Superior, Duluth (2007–2011).” Loon 84: 8–20.

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  • Bechard, Marc J., C. Stuart Houston, Jose H. Sarasola, and A. Sidney England. 2010. “Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/swahaw doi: 10.2173/bna.265
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  • Bednar, Joshua D., Nicholas G. Walton, Alexis R. Grinde, and Gerald J. Niemi. 2016. Summary of Breeding Bird Trends in the Chippewa and Superior National Forests of Minnesota – 1995–2016. Natural Resources Research Institute Technical Report NRRI/TR-2016/36.

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  • Bendire, Charles. 1895. Life Histories of North American Birds, from the Parrots to the Grackles, with Special Reference to their Breeding Habits and Eggs. Smithsonian Institution Bulletin 985. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.

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  • Berlanga, Humberto, Judith A. Kennedy, Terrell D. Rich, Maria del Coro Arizmendi, Carol J. Beardmore, Peter J. Blancher, Gregory S. Butcher, Andrew R. Couturier, Ashley A. Dayer, Dean W. Demarest, Wendy E. Easton, Mary Gustafson, Eduardo E. Iñigo-Elias, Elizabeth A. Krebs, Arvind O. Panjabi, Vicente Rodriguez Contreras, Kenneth V. Rosenberg, Janet M. Ruth, Eduardo Santana Castellón, Rosa Ma. Vidal, and Tom Will. 2010. Saving Our Shared Birds: Partners in Flight Tri-National Vision for Landbird Conservation. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

  • Bevier, Louis R., Alan F. Poole, and William Moskoff. 2005. “Veery (Catharus fuscescens).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/veery doi: 10.2173/bna.142
  • Beyersbergen, Gerard W., Neal D. Niemuth, and Michael R. Norton. 2004. Northern Prairie and Parkland Waterbird Conservation Plan, A Plan Associated with the Waterbird Conservation for the Americas Initiative. Denver, CO: Prairie Pothole Joint Venture. https://www.fws.gov/mountain-prairie/refuges/hapetResources/updatedFiles/publications/Beyersbergen.et.al.2004.waterbird.plan.PPJV.pdf

  • Beyersbergen, Gerard W., Wendy A. Calvert, Ron C. Bazin, Sam J. Barry, and Bev A. Gingras. 2008. Spatial and Temporal Distribution and Abundance of the Franklin's Gull in the Canadian Prairie Provinces: 2005–2007. Canadian Wildlife Service Technical Report no. 504. Alberta: Canadian Wildlife Service, Prairie and Northern Region.
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  • Bielefeldt, John, Robert N. Rosenfield, William E. Stout, and Susan M. Vos. 1998. “The Cooper’s Hawk in Wisconsin: A Review of Its Breeding Biology and Status.” Passenger Pigeon 60: 111–121.

  • Bierregaard, Richard O., Alan F. Poole, and Mark S. Martell. 2016. “Osprey (Pandion haliaetus).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/osprey doi: 10.2173/bna.683

  • Bildstein, Keith L., and Kenneth D. Meyer. 2000. “Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/shshaw doi: 10.2173/bna.482
  • Bird Source. 2016. “CBC Data Shows Tufted Titmouse Range Expansion.” http://www.birdsource.org/Features/Tuti/

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  • Bird Studies Canada. 2017. “Field Sparrow.” Manitoba Breeding Bird Atlas. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/mbdata/maps.jsp?lang=en

  • Bird Studies Canada. 2017. “Green-winged Teal.” Manitoba Breeding Bird Atlas. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/mbdata/maps.jsp?lang=en

  • Bird Studies Canada. 2017. “Long-eared Owl.” Manitoba Breeding Bird Atlas. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/index_en.jsp

  • Bird Studies Canada. 2017. “Philadelphia Vireo.” Manitoba Breeding Bird Atlas. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/mbdata/maps.jsp?lang=en

  • Bird Studies Canada. 2017. “Red-bellied Woodpecker.” Manitoba Breeding Bird Atlas. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/mbdata/maps.jsp?lang=en

  • Bird Studies Canada. 2017. “Rose-breasted Grosbeak.” Manitoba Breeding Bird Atlas. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/mbdata/maps.jsp?lang=en

  • Bird Studies Canada. 2017. “Swainson’s Hawk.” Manitoba Breeding Bird Atlas. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/index_en.jsp

  • BirdLife International. 2015. Species Factsheet: Setophaga cerulea. http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/cerulean-warbler-setophaga-cerulea

  • BirdLife International. 2017. Species Factsheet: Calcarius ornatus. http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/22721040

  • Blake, John G. 1991. “Nested Subsets and the Distribution of Birds on Isolated Woodlots.” Conservation Biology 5: 58–66.
  • Blake, John G., and James R. Karr. 1984. “Species Composition of Bird Communities and the Conservation Benefit of Large Versus Small Forests.” Biological Conservation 30: 173–187.

  • Blake, John G., and James R. Karr. 1987. “Breeding Birds of Isolated Woodlots: Area and Habitat Relationships.” Ecology 68: 1724–1734.

  • Bleho, Barbara, Kevin Ellison, Dorothy P. Hill, and Lorne K. Gould. 2015. “Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/chclon doi: 10.2173/bna.288

  • Blomgren, Everett C. 1963. “Bluebird Reflections.” Flicker 35: 104–105.

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  • Boal, Clint W., David E. Andersen, and Patricia L. Kennedy. 2001. Home Range and Habitat Use of Northern Goshawks (Accipter gentilis) in Minnesota. Final report to the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Nongame Wildlife Program. http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/eco/nongame/projects/consgrant_reports/2001/2001_boal_etal.pdf
  • Boal, Clint W., David E. Andersen, and Patricia L. Kennedy. 2003. “Home Range and Residency Status of Northern Goshawks Breeding in Minnesota.” Condor 105: 811–816.
  • Boal, Clint W., David E. Andersen, and Patricia L. Kennedy. 2005a. “Foraging and Nesting Habitat of Breeding Male Northern Goshawks in the Laurentian Mixed Forest Province, Minnesota.” Journal of Wildlife Management 69: 1516–1527.

  • Boal, Clint W., David E. Andersen, and Patricia L. Kennedy. 2005b. “Productivity and Mortality of Northern Goshawks in Minnesota.” Journal of Raptor Research 39: 222–228.

  • Boal, Clint W., David E. Andersen, Patricia L. Kennedy, and Aimee M. Roberson. 2006. “Northern Goshawk Ecology in the Western Great Lakes Region.” Studies in Avian Biology 31: 128–136.
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  • Eadie, John M., Mark L. Mallory, and Harry G. Lumsden. 1995.” Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula).” The Birds of North America, edited by Paul G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/comgol doi: 10.2173/bna.170
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  • Eastman, Whitney. 1958. “Sight Record of Lawrence’s Warbler in Minneapolis.” Flicker 30: 117.

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  • Eckberg, Daniel J. 2010. “Icon Under Fire: The Giant Canada Geese of Rochester, Minnesota.” Senior thesis, University of Minnesota. https://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/121512/Daniel Eckberg Thesis sp10.pdf?sequence=1
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  • Eckert, Kim R. 1974. “Henslow’s Sparrow and Bell’s Vireo in Southwest Minnesota.” Loon 46: 122–123.

  • Eckert, Kim R. 1974. “Say’s Phoebe and Barn Owl Observed in Rock County.” Loon 46: 37–39.
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  • Eckert, Kim R. 1977. “Second Minnesota Nesting of the Mockingbird.” Loon 49: 229–230.
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  • Eckert, Kim R. 1979. “Another Boreal Owl Nest Found in Cook County.” Loon 51: 198–199.

  • Eckert, Kim R. 1979. “Summer Tanager at Duluth.” Loon 51: 207.
  • Eckert, Kim R. 1980. “A Survey of Birds on Selected Prairie Tracts.” Loon 52: 170–177.

  • Eckert, Kim R. 1981. “First Minnesota Nesting Record of Northern Three-toed Woodpecker.” Loon 53: 221–223.

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  • Erickson, Arnold B., and Walter H. Petraborg. 1952. “Pinnated Grouse – Prince of the Prairie.” Minnesota Conservation Volunteer 15(May/June): 6–11.

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  • Faanes, Craig A. 1981. Birds of the St. Croix River Valley: Minnesota and Wisconsin. North American Fauna, no. 73. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service.
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  • Faber, Raymond A. 2006. Henslow’s Sparrow Studies at Great River Bluffs State Park During the 2005–2006 Field Seasons through 30 June 2006. Annual Plan T-62911. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

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  • Fall, Bruce A. 1977. “Early Summer Warbler Records and Boreal Chickadee Nest Near Itasca Park.” Loon 49: 198–201.
  • Fall, Bruce A. 1984. “Male and Female Hooded Warbler, Murphy-Hanrahan Park, Scott County, June 1984.” Loon 56: 278.

  • Fall, Bruce A. 1987. “Acadian Flycatcher Breeding Range Extension in Minnesota.” Loon 59: 117–121.
  • Fall, Bruce A. 1989. “Additional Hooded Warbler Breeding Records from Minnesota.” Loon 61: 4–9.

  • Fall, Bruce A. 1994. “First Confirmed Kentucky Warbler Breeding Record in Minnesota.” Loon 66: 115–117.
  • Fall, Bruce A. 1994. “Newly Discovered American White Pelican Colonies in Southern Minnesota, Minnesota Lake.” Loon 66: 111–112.
  • Fall, Bruce A. 2003. “Summer Tanager / Scarlet Tanager Mixed-Species Nesting.” Loon 75: 221–225.
  • Fall, Bruce A. 2016. “Third Successful Breeding of Yellow-throated Warbler in Minnesota.” Loon 88: 84–85.
  • Fall, Bruce A., and Roger D. Eliason. 1982. “Henslow’s Sparrow Nest, Hennepin County.” Loon 54: 192.

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  • Farrar, Maurice. 1880. Five Years in Minnesota: Sketches of Life in a Western State. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington. Digital form available on the Library of Congress website https://lccn.loc.gov/03005676
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